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Invest in or project financing for improved Biomass Energy Technologies (BETs) in the domestic sector for cooking applications (i.e. ICSs). The BETs in consideration are solid biofuel (Pellet, Chips, Charcoal) fired ICSs (direct combustion or gasification).
ICSs manufacturers: there are several ICS manufacturers, providing direct combustion and gasification technologies using wood cuts, pellets and charcoal (7). There are currently around 30 different ICS models, most of which are produced locally and use either charcoal, pellets fuel wood, or wood chips as fuel (8), though their performance characteristics are not established. Examples of Companies active in the IOA space:
Spectra Industries Lanka (Pvt) Ltd. Founded in 1983, manufactures small scale biomass energy conversion devices for thermal applications, including cook stoves and hot water boilers. Wood gasifier stove and pellet stove are among ICSs, of which the pellet stove is claimed to be 45% efficient, costing approximately USD 100/unit (8).
Innovative Cooking and Heating Technologies (Pvt) Ltd: This company in 2009 commercialized the EZ Turbo Charcoal Stove, an innovative design developed by them. It is equipped with a 12V DC power adaptor and a linear control fan. So far, around 100,000 units have been sold. The price of a unit is approximately USD 100 (10).
Burn Blast Stove: Marketed since 2018, this is an improved fuelwood and coconut shell rocket stove design developed in the country. The selling price of the stove is around USD 20 (35).
Janalipa Stove: Unveiled in 2022, this is an improved biomass stove that uses coconut shell charcoal, coconut shell, wood chips as fuel, and is equipped with a 12V DC power supply. The selling price of the stove is approximately USD 50/unit (12).
Deployment of ICSs in households, utilizing renewable biofuels to replace imported fossils and conventional biomass, for energy security and environment sustainability
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