Sewage treatment and services

Sewage treatment and services

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Sewage treatment and services
SectorMost major industry classification systems use sources of revenue as their basis for classifying companies into specific sectors, subsectors and industries. In order to group like companies based on their sustainability-related risks and opportunities, SASB created the Sustainable Industry Classification System® (SICS®) and the classification of sectors, subsectors and industries in the SDG Investor Platform is based on SICS.
Waste Management
Business Model Description

Construct and operate small-scale sewage treatment plants, and provide affordable services with sewage and sanitary trucks for solid waste extraction and public latrines in densely inhabited areas.

Expected Impact

Provide safe sanitation and water options to low income communities in urban areas.

Indicative ReturnDescribes the rate of growth an investment is expected to generate within the IOA. The indicative return is identified for the IOA by establishing its Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Return of Investment (ROI) or Gross Profit Margin (GPM).
15% - 20% (in ROI)
Investment TimeframeDescribes the time period in which the IOA will pay-back the invested resources. The estimate is based on asset expected lifetime as the IOA will start generating accumulated positive cash-flows.
Medium Term (5–10 years)
Market SizeDescribes the value of potential addressable market of the IOA. The market size is identified for the IOA by establishing the value in USD, identifying the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) or providing a numeric unit critical to the IOA.
Only 23% of Kampala's population received sewerage services in 2019-20.
Direct ImpactDescribes the primary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
No Poverty (SDG 1) Good health and well-being (SDG 3) Clean water and sanitation (SDG 6)
Indirect ImpactDescribes the secondary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (SDG 9) Reduced Inequalities (SDG 10) Sustainable Cities and Communities (SDG 11)
Sector Sources
  • (I) Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Woelm, F. (2020). The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19. Sustainable Development Report 2020. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (II) Schwab, K. (2016). The Global Competitiveness Report 2015–2016. (III) National Planning Authority. National Development Plan III (NDPIII) 2020/21 – 2024/25. (IV) Government of Uganda. Uganda Vision 2040. (V) Ministry of Works and Transport. Works and Transport Sector Development Plan (WTSDP) 2015/16 – 2019/20. (VI) Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development. Strategic Plan 2016-2021.
IOA Sources
  • (1) Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (2019). Sustainable Development Report. Transformation To Achieve The Sustainable Development Goals. (2) McConville, J., Kvarnstrom, E. and Maiteki, J. (2019). 'Infrastructure Investments And Operating Costs For Fecal Sludge And Sewage Treatment Systems In Kampala, Uganda', Urban Water Journal, 16. (3) Worldometer (2020). Uganda Population 2020. (4) Uganda Bureau of Statistics (2020). Statistical Abstract 2020. (5), (6) Ministry of Water and Environment (2020). Water And Environment. Sector Performance Report. (7) United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (2018). Water, Sanitation And Hygiene (WASH).,and%20at%20risk%20of%20death.&text=In%20Uganda%2C%20nearly%20a%20tenth,do%20not%20wash%20with%20soap (8) National Planning Authority (2020). Third National Development Plan (NDPIII) 2020/21 - 2024/25. (9) Industrial Economics, Incorporated for Ministry of Water and Environment (2018). Strategic Investment Plan for the Water And Environment Sector, Uganda (2018-2030). (10) Ministry of Water and Environment (2015). Water And Environment Sector Development Plan 2015/16 - 2019/20. (11) Ministry of Health (2015). Health Sector Development Plan 2015/16 - 2019/20. (12) Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment (1999). National Water Policy. Republic of Uganda. (13) Government of Uganda (1995). National Water And Sewerage Corporation Act. (14) Government of Uganda (1998). Water (Waste Discharge) Regulations. (15) Government of Uganda (1999). National Environment (Standards For Discharge Of Effluent Into Water Or On Land) Regulations. (16) Government of Uganda (1997). Water Act. (17) Government of Uganda (nd). Public Health Act. (18) Government of Uganda (2019). National Environment Act.,%202019%20(1).pdf (19) Ministry Of Water And Environment (2020). About The Ministry. (20) National Environment Management Authority (2020). National Environment Management Authority. (21) Barjoveanu, G. and Teodosiu, C. (2019). 'Environmental Performance Evaluation of a Drinking Water Treatment Plant: a Life Cycle Assessment Perspective', Environmental Engineering and Management Journal. (22) Whitehead, P. (2020). Minimizing Environmental Impacts Of Water Purification. ELGA Labwater. (23) Adamus-Białek, W., Wawaszczak, M. and Świercz, A. (2015). Impact Of Sewage Treatment Plant On Local Environment. ECOpole. (24), (25), (26), (27), (28) Ministry of Water and Environment (2015). Water And Environment Sector Development Plan 2015/16 - 2019/20. (29), (30), (31), (32), (39), (40) Ministry of Water and Environment (2020). Water And Environment Sector Performance Report. (33) Ministry of Health (2020). Annual Health Sector Performance Report. FY 2019/2020. Republic of Uganda. (34), (35) Uganda Revenue Authority (2019). A Guide On Tax Incentives/Exemptions Available To The Uganda Investors. (35) World Bank (2017). Implementation completion and results report on Sarajevo waste water project. (36) Peralta-Suárez, L.M. and Yera, Y.B. (2013). Development of a Technology for Treating Wastewater Contaminated with Nitric Acid. (37) PwC analysis based on Prof. A. Damodaran data, 2020. (38) Muhumuza, R. (2019). Africa's Booming Cities Face A Severe Toilet Crisis. AP News. (39) United States Department of State (2020). Uganda - United States Department Of State. (40) UNDP/PwC stakeholders interviews, 2021.