Sewage treatment and sanitary services

Sewage treatment and sanitary services

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Sewage treatment and sanitary services
SectorMost major industry classification systems use sources of revenue as their basis for classifying companies into specific sectors, subsectors and industries. In order to group like companies based on their sustainability-related risks and opportunities, SASB created the Sustainable Industry Classification System® (SICS®) and the classification of sectors, subsectors and industries in the SDG Investor Platform is based on SICS.
Infrastructure
Waste Management
Business Model Description

Construct and operate small-scale sewage treatment plants, and provide affordable services with sewage and sanitary trucks for solid waste extraction and public latrines in densely inhabited areas.

Expected Impact

Contribute to safe living conditions and improved livelihood opportunities.

Indicative ReturnDescribes the rate of growth an investment is expected to generate within the IOA. The indicative return is identified for the IOA by establishing its Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Return of Investment (ROI) or Gross Profit Margin (GPM).
15% - 20% (in ROI)
Investment TimeframeDescribes the time period in which the IOA will pay-back the invested resources. The estimate is based on asset expected lifetime as the IOA will start generating accumulated positive cash-flows.
Medium Term (5–10 years)
Market SizeDescribes the value of potential addressable market of the IOA. The market size is identified for the IOA by establishing the value in USD, identifying the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) or providing a numeric unit critical to the IOA.
Less than 0.2% of Kigali's 370,000 households is served with reliable sewerage systems.
Average Ticket Size (USD)Describes the USD amount for a typical investment required in the IOA.
< USD 500,000
Direct ImpactDescribes the primary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
No Poverty (SDG 1) Good health and well-being (SDG 3) Clean water and sanitation (SDG 6)
Indirect ImpactDescribes the secondary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (SDG 9) Reduced Inequalities (SDG 10) Sustainable Cities and Communities (SDG 11)
Sector Sources
  • 1) Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Woelm, F. (2020). The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19. Sustainable Development Report 2020. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2) Ministry of Infrastructure. Draft Final Transport Sector Strategic Plan for the National Strategy for Transformation (NST1) 2018 3) Gatete, C. (2016). The Rwanda we want: Towards ‘Vision 2050’. https://www.minecofin.gov.rw/fileadmin/user_upload/Minecofin/Speeches/Hon_Gatete_Umushyikirano_Presentation_2016.pdf 4) Ministry of Infrastructure. Housing Sub-Sector. https://www.mininfra.gov.rw/index.php?id=269&L=4%22 5) International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage. Water Safety and Related Impacts in Rwanda. http://hwts.web.unc.edu/files/2014/08/2011Entebbe_Day1_06_Nsagiyaomba.pdf 6) Ministry of Infrastructure. Water and Sanitation Sector Strategic Plan 2018 - 2024. https://www.mininfra.gov.rw/fileadmin/user_upload/WATSAN_SSP_2018_-2024.pdf 7) United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. Water, sanitation and hygiene. https://www.unicef.org/rwanda/water-sanitation-and-hygiene 8) UN Water. SDG 6 Data. https://www.sdg6data.org/country-or-area/Rwanda 36) African Development Bank (2008). Gender assessment: progress towards improving women’s economic status. https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Project-and-Operations/rwanda.pdf
IOA Sources
  • 9) Bower, J. and Murray, S. (2019). Housing need in Kigali: Findings and policy reflections. https://www.theigc.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Bower-Murray-2019-Policy-brief.pdf 10) Rwirahira, R. (2018). Can Rwanda’s government avert Kigali’s sewage time bomb? Equal Times. https://www.equaltimes.org/can-rwanda-s-government-avert?lang=en#.X7finmhKhPa 11) d'Amour Mbonyinshuti, J. (2017). Why wastewater treatment should be the way to go. https://www.newtimes.co.rw/section/read/225525 12) World Bank (2017). Implementation completion and results report on Sarajevo waste water project. http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/904151521734042116/pdf/implementation-completion-and-results-report-icr-document-P090675-var26-03192018.pdf 13) Peralta-Suárez, L.M. and Busto Yera, Y. (2013). Development of a Technology for Treating Wastewater Contaminated with Nitric Acid. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/278618 14) Wang, H., Li, F. and Zhang, B. (2014). Water and Wastewater Treatment in Africa – Current Practices and Challenges. CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259536701_Water_and_Wastewater_Treatment_in_Africa_-_Current_Practices_and_Challenges 15) Andiva, Y. (2019). Challenges And Solutions In The Water And Wastewater Treatment Industry In Africa. Construction Review Online. https://constructionreviewonline.com/2019/04/challenges-and-solutions-in-the-water-wastewater-treatment-industry-in-africa/ 16) Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Woelm, F. (2020). The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19. Sustainable Development Report 2020. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 17) Barjoveanu,G. and Teodosiu,C. (2019).Environmental Performance Evaluation of a Drinking Water Treatment Plant: a Life Cycle Assessment Perspective. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332268536_Environmental_performance_evaluation_of_a_drinking_water_treatment_plant_a_life_cycle_assessment_perspective 18) Whitehead, P. (2020). Minimizing Environmental Impacts Of Water Purification | ELGA Labwater. Elgalabwater.com. https://www.elgalabwater.com/blog/minimizing-environmental-impacts-water-purification 19) Adamus-Białek, W., Wawaszczak, M. and Świercz, A. (2015). Impact Of Sewage Treatment Plant On Local Environment. ECOpole. http://tchie.uni.opole.pl/PECO15_2/EN/AdamusBialekWawszczak_PECO15_2.pdf 20) National Sanitation Policy Implementation Strategy. https://rura.rw/fileadmin/Documents/Water/Laws/NATIONAL_SANITATION_POLICY_IMPLEMENTATION_STRATEGY__DECEMBER_2016.pdf 21) Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (2015). VISION 2050. Republic of Rwanda. http://www.minecofin.gov.rw/fileadmin/templates/documents/NDPR/Vision_2050/Vision_2050_-Full_Document.pdf 22) Ministry of Infrastructure (2019). WATSAN 2019/20 Forward Looking Joint Sector Review Report. Republic of Rwanda. http://www.minecofin.gov.rw/fileadmin/templates/documents/NDPR/Joint_Sector_Review/Forward_Looking_JSRs/Forward_Looking_JSR_2019-20/WATSAN_2019-20_FLJSR.PDF 23) Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (2017). 7 Years Government Programme: National Strategy For Transformation (NST1). Republic of Rwanda. http://www.minecofin.gov.rw/fileadmin/user_upload/MINECOFIN_Documents/NST_A5_booklet_final_2.04.19_WEB.pdf 24) Ministry of the Environment. Law N°48/2018 of 13/08/2018 on Environment. https://www.environment.gov.rw/fileadmin/user_upload/Moe/Publications/Laws/Law_on_environment.pdf 25) Ministry of the Environment. About. https://www.environment.gov.rw/about 26) Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority. Regulation N°004/R/SAN-EWS/RURA/2016 of 10/11/2016 Governing Decentralized Waste Water Treatment Systems. https://rura.rw/fileadmin/Documents/Water/RegulationsGuidelines/Regulation__Governing_Decentralised__Waste_Waste__Water_Treatment_Systems.pdf 27) Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority. Regulations No 005/R/SAN-EWS/RURA/2016 Governing Liquid Waste Collection and Transportation. https://rura.rw/fileadmin/Documents/Water/RegulationsGuidelines/Regulations_Governing__liquid_waste_collection_and_transportation.pdf 28) Republic of Rwanda. Organic Law n° 04/2005 of 08/04/2005. https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/bitstream/handle/2152/4960/4063.pdf;sequence=1 29) Rwanda Water and Forestry Authority. Water Laws and Policies. http://www.rwfa.rw/index.php?id=33 30) Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority. About RURA. https://rura.rw/index.php?id=45 31) Rwanda Development Board. Investment Incentives. https://rdb.rw/investment-opportunities/infrastructure/#tab-1-3 32) Republic of Rwanda (2019). Voluntary National Review Rwanda 2019. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/23432Rwanda_VNR_Document__Final.pdf 33) SDG Tracker (2021). Measuring progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. https://sdg-tracker.org/ 34) Republic of Rwanda (2019). Voluntary National Review Rwanda 2019. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/23432Rwanda_VNR_Document__Final.pdf 35) Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Woelm, F. (2020). The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19. Sustainable Development Report 2020. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://dashboards.sdgindex.org/profiles/RWA