Large-Scale Wind Power Generation

Close up image of a wind farm in south africa, supplying eco friendly electricity
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Large-Scale Wind Power Generation
SectorMost major industry classification systems use sources of revenue as their basis for classifying companies into specific sectors, subsectors and industries. In order to group like companies based on their sustainability-related risks and opportunities, SASB created the Sustainable Industry Classification System® (SICS®) and the classification of sectors, subsectors and industries in the SDG Investor Platform is based on SICS.
Renewable Resources and Alternative Energy
Alternative Energy
Business Model Description

Invest in or provide project financing for large-scale wind power generation in farms equipped with advanced turbines to provide local power to end consumers or sell the generated capacity into the national energy grid.

Expected Impact

Increase access to energy, enhance economic productivity, and reduce carbon emissions.

Indicative ReturnDescribes the rate of growth an investment is expected to generate within the IOA. The indicative return is identified for the IOA by establishing its Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Return of Investment (ROI) or Gross Profit Margin (GPM).
15% - 20% (in IRR)
Investment TimeframeDescribes the time period in which the IOA will pay-back the invested resources. The estimate is based on asset expected lifetime as the IOA will start generating accumulated positive cash-flows.
Medium Term (5–10 years)
Market SizeDescribes the value of potential addressable market of the IOA. The market size is identified for the IOA by establishing the value in USD, identifying the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) or providing a numeric unit critical to the IOA.
Ghoubet zone alone offers 4,000 hours of exploitable wind per year.
Average Ticket Size (USD)Describes the USD amount for a typical investment required in the IOA.
> USD 10 million
Direct ImpactDescribes the primary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
Affordable and Clean Energy (SDG 7) Climate Action (SDG 13)
Indirect ImpactDescribes the secondary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
Responsible Consumption and Production (SDG 12) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (SDG 9) Sustainable Cities and Communities (SDG 11)
Sector Sources
  • 1) PNUD Djibouti. 2018. Plan Cadre des Nations Unies pour l'Aide de Developpement 2018-2022. https://www.undp.org/sites/g/files/zskgke326/files/undp/library/corporate/Executive%20Board/2018/First-regular-session/DPDCPDJI3_UNDAF%20Final.pdf. 2) Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et de la Coopération Internationale. 2015. Evaluation a mis parcours du programme d'action d'Istanbul. http://unohrlls.org/custom-content/uploads/2015/12/Djibouti-National-Report-to-the-Midterm-Review.pdf. 3) The Business Year. Djibouti Embraces Renewables. 2020. https://www.thebusinessyear.com/djibouti-renewable-energy-investment-promises-50-percent-contribution-2-years/focus. 4) Ministère de l'Habitat, de l'Urbanisme, de l'Aménagement duTerritoire et de l'Environnement. 2012. Rapport National sur le development durable RIO+20. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/1011DjiboutireportRio+20.pdf. 5) Republic of Djibouti. 2015. Strategie de croissance accelere et de croissance d'emploie. https://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/sites/default/files/ressources/djibouti_scape-francais.pdf. 6) Republic of Djibouti. 2014. Vision Djibouti 2035. http://ccd.dj/w2017/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Vision-Nationale.pdf. 7) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). 2019. Renewable Energy: A Gender Perspective. https://www.irena.org/publications/2019/Jan/Renewable-Energy-A-Gender-Perspective. 8) ENERGIA. 2021. International Network On Gender And Sustainable Energy. When women have access to energy. https://www.energia.org/case-gender-perspective-energy-access.
IOA Sources
  • 9) Siemens Gamesa. 2012. Renewable Energy. https://www.siemensgamesa.com/en-int. 10) Enertec SARL. 2021. Renewable and alternative energy. https://www.enertec-sarl.com. 11) Federal Republic of Nigeria. 2017. Implementation of the SDGs: a national voluntary review. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/16029Nigeria.pdf. 12) Private Financing Advisory Network. 2019. West Africa Forum for Climate & Clean Energy Financing Project Snapshots. https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Generic-Documents/WAFCCEF-3_Project_Snapshots.pdf. 13) USAID. 2020. Djibouti - Power Africa Sheet. https://www.usaid.gov/powerafrica/djibouti. 14) Chisika and Yeom. 2021. Enhancing Sustainable Development and Regional Integration through Electrification by Solar Power: The Case of Six East African State. https:// doi.org/10.3390/su13063275. 15) Borgen Project. 2020. Women's right in Djibouti and what US is doing to help. https://borgenproject.org/womens-rights-in-djibouti. 16) Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. 2021. Environmental Impacts and Siting of Wind Projects. https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/environmental-impacts-and-siting-wind-projects. 17) Conserve Energy Future. 2021. Wind Energy Facts. https://www.conserve-energy-future.com/various-wind-energy-facts.php. 18) Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. 2021. Advantages and Challenges of Wind energy. https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/advantages-and-challenges-wind-energy. 19) AfricaDroit, Association Internationale des Juristes. 2019. Production of Electricity in Djibouti – A new Regulatory Framework favoring Renewable Energy. https://africadroit.com/2019/09/13/production-of-electricity-in-djibouti-a-new-regulatory-framework-favouring-renewable-energy. 20) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). 2015. Djibouti Renewable Readiness Assessment. https://www.irena.org/-/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2015/IRENA_RRA_Djibout_2015_EN.pdf. 21) UN Global SDG Database. 2021. SDG Indicators. https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database. 22) Sustainable Development Report. 2021. Country Profiles: Djibouti. https://dashboards.sdgindex.org/profiles/djibouti. 23) Republic of Djibouti. 2015. Strategie de Croissance Accélérée et de Promotion de l'Emploi. https://economie.gouv.dj/wp-content/uploads/de95d383afef8bcbe0a3bc609a7f5c76.pdf. 24) The Business Year. 2020. Djibouti Embraces Renewables. https://www.thebusinessyear.com/djibouti-renewable-energy-investment-promises-50-percent-contribution-2-years/focus. 25) UNEP. 2021. Energy Profile Djibouti. https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/20491/Energy_profile_Djibouti.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y. 26) World Bank. 2018. Port Development and Competition in East and Southern Africa: Prospects and Challenges. https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/963231561663013431/pdf/Country-and-Port-Fact-Sheets-and-Projections.pdf. 27) Horn of Africa Initiative (HoAI). 2021. African Development Fund approves grants for $83.6 million to boost Ethiopia-Djibouti electricity trade. https://hoainitiative.org/african-development-fund-approves-grants-for-83-6-million-to-boost-ethiopia-djibouti-electricity-trade. 28) Republic of Djibouti. 2019. Décret N° 2019-280/PR/MERN portant approbation du contrat concession du projet éolien. https://www.presidence.dj/texte.php?ID=2019-280&ID2=2019-11-05&ID3=D%E9cret&ID4=21&ID5=2019-11-14&ID6=n. 29) Republic of Djibouti. Unité PPP. https://unite-ppp-djibouti.com/missions-de-la-dgppp/.