Ecology and ecotourism models


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Ecology and ecotourism models
Destination management and promotion platforms that connect and develop world-class rural, adventure and ecotourism experiences.
SectorMost major industry classification systems use sources of revenue as their basis for classifying companies into specific sectors, subsectors and industries. In order to group like companies based on their sustainability-related risks and opportunities, SASB created the Sustainable Industry Classification System® (SICS®) and the classification of sectors, subsectors and industries in the SDG Investor Platform is based on SICS.
Hospitality and Recreation
Business Model Description

Promote, connect, support the development, and offer nature tourism experiences led by local communities that expressly use the natural resources without degrading or exhausting them (e.g., bird watching recreational and leisure activities). In this way, they protect and promote biodiversity through world-class quality experiences.

Expected Impact

This initiative intends to reduce negative impact of tourism on the enviroment and increase sustainable income for different communities.

Indicative ReturnDescribes the rate of growth an investment is expected to generate within the IOA. The indicative return is identified for the IOA by establishing its Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Return of Investment (ROI) or Gross Profit Margin (GPM).
20% - 25% (in IRR)
Investment TimeframeDescribes the time period in which the IOA will pay-back the invested resources. The estimate is based on asset expected lifetime as the IOA will start generating accumulated positive cash-flows.
Medium Term (5–10 years)
Market SizeDescribes the value of potential addressable market of the IOA. The market size is identified for the IOA by establishing the value in USD, identifying the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) or providing a numeric unit critical to the IOA.
> USD 1 billion
Average Ticket Size (USD)Describes the USD amount for a typical investment required in the IOA.
USD 1 million - USD 10 million
Direct ImpactDescribes the primary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
Decent Work and Economic Growth (SDG 8) Life Below Water (SDG 14)
Indirect ImpactDescribes the secondary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
Responsible Consumption and Production (SDG 12)
Sector Sources
  • 1) DNP (2017) – Plan Nacional de Desarrollo (2018 – 2022) 2) Jimenez et al (2019) - El turismo como motor de la economía colombiana. Accessed June 13th 2020 3) MinComercio (2020) - En 2019, el turismo en Colombia rompió récords. Accessed June 14th 2020 4) ElTiempo (2019) - Exceso de turistas y hotelería ilegal ponen en jaque a la naturaleza. Accessed June 13th 2020 5) LaRepublica (2018) – La hora del turismo para Colombia. Accessed June 12th 2020 6) MinAgricultura, DANE (2016) Land use, National Agricultural Census 7) Colombian Ocean Comision (2015) Economic Affairs Buro 8) MinTIC (2019) National Statistics of employment 9) CITUR (2020) Visitors to Natural National Parks 10) Banco de Occidente (2010) Jumps, waterfalls and rapids of Colombia, Chapter4: Colombia, territory of rapids and waterfalls. 11) MinCultura (n.d) World Heritage List 12) ProPacífico (n.d). Pacific Region: Territory where we weave development 13) CITUR (2020) Departmental Statistics 14) Caño Cristales (2019) Caño Cristales Tourism 15) UNDP (2018) How much does Colombia has to invest to maintin biodiversity? 16) MinTIC (2019) Economic Studies Office: Colombian Economy Dinamic 17) Alexander Von Humboldt (2018) Endemic species, protected areas and deforestation 18) Inversor Portafolio: Waya Accessed February 8th. 19) Centro de Pensamiento Turístico - Colombia (2019) Employment in tourism industry
IOA Sources
  • 20) Brink (2011) - The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making. Accessed July 2nd 2020 21) Euromonitor (2019) – El futuro de los viajes: edición de 2019. Accessed July 5th 2020 22) MinComercio (2012) – Plan de Negocio de Turismo de Naturaleza de Colombia. Accessed July 1st 2020 23) DNP (2017) – Plan Nacional de Desarrollo (2018 – 2022) 24) MinComercio (2019) - MinComercio destaca estímulos fiscales que benefician al sector de Turismo. Accessed June 2nd 2020 21) La República (2019) - Los proyectos de infraestructura turística suman inversión de $644.000 millones. Accessed June 20th 2020 22) MinComercio (2017) – Plan Sectorial de Turismo. Accessed June 3rd 2020 23) El Nuevo Siglo (2010) – Toma fuerza primera startup de turismo de naturaleza en Colombia. Accessed July 11th 2020 24) National Planning Department (2019) - 2030 Agenda in Colombia 25) La República, Lacouture, M.C (2018). Natural Tourism, Global Tendency 26) Decree 2811 of 1974. President of the Republic of Colombia 27) MinAmbiente. Resolution 0118 of 2005. 28) Natural National Parks (2019). Ecoturism Services Concession 29) MinAmbiente (n.d) National Policy for Management of Biodiversity and its Ecosystem Services 30) MinTIC (2019) MinTIC highlights fiscal incentives that benefit the tourism sector 31) Rhodes, A. (2015) Support and Financing of Ecotourism Projects: New Options 32) United Nations Colombia (n.d) FARC members bet on ecoturism as a toll for enviromental susstainability and socio-economic development