Affordable sanitation services

Affordable sanitation services
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Affordable sanitation services
SectorMost major industry classification systems use sources of revenue as their basis for classifying companies into specific sectors, subsectors and industries. In order to group like companies based on their sustainability-related risks and opportunities, SASB created the Sustainable Industry Classification System® (SICS®) and the classification of sectors, subsectors and industries in the SDG Investor Platform is based on SICS.
Infrastructure
Utilities
Business Model Description

Provide affordable sanitation services, such as public latrines and wash stations, with sewage reutilization.

Expected Impact

Positive impact on good health and wellbeing and increase the quality of life in informal settlements.

Indicative ReturnDescribes the rate of growth an investment is expected to generate within the IOA. The indicative return is identified for the IOA by establishing its Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Return of Investment (ROI) or Gross Profit Margin (GPM).
20% - 25% (in IRR)
Investment TimeframeDescribes the time period in which the IOA will pay-back the invested resources. The estimate is based on asset expected lifetime as the IOA will start generating accumulated positive cash-flows.
Medium Term (5–10 years)
Market SizeDescribes the value of potential addressable market of the IOA. The market size is identified for the IOA by establishing the value in USD, identifying the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) or providing a numeric unit critical to the IOA.
< USD 50 million
Average Ticket Size (USD)Describes the USD amount for a typical investment required in the IOA.
USD 1 million - USD 10 million
Direct ImpactDescribes the primary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
No Poverty (SDG 1) Good health and well-being (SDG 3) Clean water and sanitation (SDG 6)
Indirect ImpactDescribes the secondary SDG(s) the IOA addresses.
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (SDG 9) Reduced Inequalities (SDG 10) Sustainable Cities and Communities (SDG 11)
Sector Sources
  • 1) Sachs, J., Schmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Woelm, F. (2020). The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19. Sustainable Development Report 2020. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2) Republic of Kenya (2018). Third Medium Term Plan 2018 – 2022 Transforming Lives: Advancing Socio-economic Development Through The 'Big Four'. 3) World Bank database. https://data.worldbank.org/ 4) Word Bank (2018). Kenya: Using Private Financing to Improve Water Services. 5) Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2020). Right to Water in Kenya: Assessment of Access to Water in Informal Settlements. https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/KE/Assessment_right_water_Kenya2020.pdf
IOA Sources
  • 6) Peletz, R. et al. (2019). 'Assessing the Demand for Plastic Latrine Slabs in Rural Kenya', American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6726948/# 7) Acey, C. et. al. (2018). 'Cross-subsidies for improved sanitation in low income settlements: Assessing the willingness to pay of water utility customers in Kenyan cities', World Development. 8) United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. https://www.unicef.org/kenya/water-sanitation-and-hygiene 9) World Bank (2017). Kenya - Water and Sanitation Development Project Appraisal Document 2017. http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/899451500992254422/pdf/Kenya-Water-PAD-04072017.pdf 10) World Bank (2019). Implementation Completion and Results Report for Nairobi Sanitation OBA Project (P131512) and Nairobi Sanitation OBA II Project (P162248). http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/538801548820464282/pdf/Implementation-Completion-and-Results-Report-ICR-Document-Nairobi-Sanitation-Project-P131512.pdf 11) UNDP/PwC Stakeholders Interviews, 2020. 12) Nakweya, G. (2019). Fix Africa’s Sanitation Challenges To Prevent Diseases. SciDev.Net Sub-Saharan Africa. 13) Van Minh, H. and Nguyen-Viet, H. (2011). 'Economic Aspects of Sanitation in Developing Countries', Environmental Health Insights. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3212862/ 14) Wanjiku Ndungu, P. (2018). Why Kenya’s sanitation challenge requires urgent attention. February. https://blogs.worldbank.org/africacan/why-kenyas-sanitation-challenge-requires-urgent-attention 15) World Life Expectancy. Kenya: Diarrhoeal diseases. https://www.worldlifeexpectancy.com/kenya-diarrhoeal-diseases 16) Denmark in Kenya. Ensuring equal access to health services. https://kenya.um.dk/en/danida-en/gender/ensuring-equal-access-to-health-services/ 17) Bazzano, A.N. (2019). 'A mixed-methods study of women’s sanitation utilization in informal settlements in Kenya', PLoS One. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428280/ 18) Fraym (2019). Women's access to health facilities in Kenya. https://fraym.io/womens-access-to-health-facilities-in-kenya/ 19) Graham, J. and Polizzotto, M. (2013). 'Pit Latrines and Their Impacts on Groundwater Quality: a Systematic Review', Environmental Health Perspectives. https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/pdf/10.1289/ehp.1206028 20) Hitzhusen, F. (2011). An Economic Analysis of Poorly Sited Septic Systems. Conference Paper. Water Resources Management. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271435555_An_economic_analysis_of_poorly_sited_septic_systems 21) Howard, G., Calow, R. and MacDonald, A. (2016). 'Climate Change and Water and Sanitation: Likely Impacts and Emerging Trends for Action', Annual Review of Environment and Resources. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-085856 22) National Treasury and Planning (2016). Kenya Vision 2030. https://kfcb.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/vision_2030.pdf 23) Ministry of Health (2014). Kenya Health Policy 2014-2030. Republic of Kenya. http://publications.universalhealth2030.org/uploads/kenya_health_policy_2014_to_2030.pdf 24) Government of Kenya. Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy 2016 – 2030. https://www.wsp.org/sites/wsp/files/publications/Kenya%20Environmental%20Sanitation%20and%20Hygiene%20Policy.pdf 25) Ministry of Health (2016). Kenya Environmental Sanitation And Hygiene Strategic Framework (2016-2020). Republic of Kenya. https://www.wsp.org/sites/wsp.org/files/publications/Kenya%20Environmental%20Sanitation%20and%20Hygiene%20Strategic%20Framework.pdf 26) Public Health Act, Chapter 242. http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/ken129231.pdf 27) Water Act. https://wasreb.go.ke/downloads/Water%20Act%202016.pdf 28) The Water Services Regulations 2019. https://ecotourismkenya.org/wp-content/uploads/ekdownloads/press_releases/Water%20Services%20Regulations%20Draft%20Dated%2005.02.2019%20pdf.pdf 29) KENIvest. Investment Incentives. http://www.invest.go.ke/starting-a-business-in-kenya/investment-incentives/ 30) Kenya Revenue Authority. Investing in Kenya. https://www.kra.go.ke/en/ngos/incentives-investors-certificate/investing-in-kenya/incentives-investors 31) Africa Legal Network. Investment Guide - Kenya. https://www.africalegalnetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/22/2016/10/Kenya-Investment-Guide-2016.pdf 32) Wanjiku Ndungu, P. (2018). Why Kenya’s sanitation challenge requires urgent attention. February. https://blogs.worldbank.org/africacan/why-kenyas-sanitation-challenge-requires-urgent-attention 33) International Finance Corporation. Leveraging Market Opportunities to Achieve Development Impact: Entrepreneurial Solutions to Improve Access to Sanitation and Safe Water. https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/1f2cf404-4d3e-44ed-aad8-a625496d1f68/SSAWA_FINAL_ONLINE+VERSION.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CVID=k-ayD8K 34) World Bank. Health Impact and Effectiveness of Distribution Models for Plastic Latrine Slabs in Kenya. https://olc.worldbank.org/content/health-impact-and-effectiveness-distribution-models-plastic-latrine-slabs-kenya 35) World Bank (2020). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.POP.SLUM.UR.ZS?locations=KE 36) The Conversation (2018). Nairobi's slum residents pay a high price for low quality services. https://theconversation.com/nairobis-slum-residents-pay-a-high-price-for-low-quality-services-104063 37) SDG Tracker (2021). End poverty in all its forms everywhere. https://sdg-tracker.org/no-poverty