Headshot of coastal scene in Mauritius with road and ocean

Photo by Economic Development Board (EDB)

Sub-Saharan Africa

Mauritius became a High-Income Country in July 2020 based on 2019 data. However, it slipped back into Upper-Middle-Income status in 2021 due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. Despite the successful handling of the public health emergency, the economic impact was severe and GDP contracted by 14.9 percent in 2020. An extensive state support package was effective in protecting livelihoods but came at high fiscal cost. Fiscal deficit escalated to 19.9 percent in FY20/21, and despite being partially financed through a 12.6 percent of GDP non-refundable Central Bank transfer, still caused public debt to spike to 100.6 percent of GDP. The effects of COVID-19 have reversed recent gains in poverty reduction and women’s labor force participation.

Real GDP grew by an estimated 3.9% in 2021, although subsequent COVID-19 waves dampened growth and output remains below pre-pandemic levels. A successful Covid-19 vaccination campaign resulting in 76 percent of the population being fully vaccinated by end-February 2022 has been a cornerstone of recovery. However, a large output gap remains in tourism, where arrivals decreased by 41.8 percent in 2021 compared to 2020. Even after full reopening of borders since October 1, monthly arrivals hovered below 50 percent of pre-pandemic figures. As imports grew faster than exports in 2021, the trade deficit widened by 39.4%, but the current account deficit still narrowed from 12.5 to 11.1% of GDP, aided by net income inflows. Headline inflation rose to 4% in 2021 from 2.5% in 2020, driven by external supply shocks resulting in higher freight, energy, and food prices. As oil prices rose to historical heights in the wake of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and ensuing sanctions on Russia, the Bank of Mauritius raised the Key Repo Rate 15 basis points to 2% from the historical low of 1.85 where it had been since April 2020, representing its first hike since June 2011. The removal of Mauritius from the FATF, UK and EU watchlists between October 2021 and January 2022 bolstered the financial sector, and following closing of the Mandatory Offer made by Airport Holdings Limited on October 15, 2021, the state-controlled entity expects to fully control Air Mauritius by end-March 2022. Poverty (Upper-Middle-Income Countries’ threshold of $5.5 a day 2011 PPP) fell from 18 to 10% between 2012 and 2019. However, given the dramatic contraction of GDP in 2020, poverty is estimated to have increased by over 5% points in 2020, subsequently dropping by over 1 point in 2021.​

Source: World Bank, Mauritius Country Overview

Access the Mauritius SDG Investor Map prospectus and summary report here and here.

Investment OpportunitiesDescribes the number of investment opportunities in the country.
Most Affected SDGsDescribes the three priority SDGs the investment opportunities address in the country.
Decent Work and Economic Growth (SDG 8) Zero Hunger (SDG 2) Good health and well-being (SDG 3)
Priority Target SectorsDescribes the three priority sectors the investment opportunities address in the country, based on the SASB Sustainable Industry Classification System®️ (SICS®️) classification.
Infrastructure, Food and Beverage, Renewable Resources and Alternative Energy
Ease of Doing Business ScoreDeveloped by the World Bank, the Ease of Doing Business Score helps assess the absolute level of regulatory performance over time. An economy’s ease of doing business score is reflected on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the lowest and 100 represents the best performance.
See the World Bank Ease of Doing Business site for more information.
Human Development IndexDeveloped by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Human Development Index is a summary measure for assessing a country’s long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
See the UNDP Human Development Index site for more information.


Opportunities 17 Investment Opportunity Areas