Kenya has made significant political and economic reforms that have contributed to sustained economic growth, social development, and political stability gains over the past decade. However, its key development challenges still include poverty, inequality, climate change, continued weak private sector investment and the vulnerability of the economy to internal and external shocks.
Kenya ushered in a new political and economic governance system with the passage of a new constitution in 2010 that introduced a bicameral legislative house, devolved county government, a constitutionally tenured judiciary and electoral body. The first election under this new system was held in 2013. The August 8, 2017 presidential elections were nullified on September 1, 2017 by the Supreme Court, and a new presidential election was held on October 17, 2017. President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in for a second and final five-year term on November 28, 2017.
Over 2015-2019, Kenya’s economic growth averaged 5.7%, making it one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. The performance of the economy has been boosted by a stable macroeconomic environment, positive investor confidence and a resilient services sector.
In addition to aligning the country’s long-term development agenda to Vision 2030, the President outlined the “Big Four” development priority areas for his final term as President prioritizing manufacturing, universal healthcare, affordable housing, and food security. The COVID-19 shock has hit Kenya’s economy hard through supply and demand shocks on both the external and domestic fronts and caused activity to slow sharply in 2020 (real gross domestic product is estimated to have contracted by 0.3% in 2020). Agricultural output grew robustly, but manufacturing and many services subsectors (e.g., tourism, education) were severely disrupted.
Sustainable food and cash crop production
Food and BeverageAgricultural Products
Contribute to food security, reduce food costs and minimize environmental degradation.
15% – 20% (in ROI)
Average annual expenditure on food per capita of USD 729 million.
Sustainable fish production
Food and BeverageMeat, Poultry and Dairy
Contribute to food security in Kenya, increase protein intake and reduce malnutrition in the general population and stunting in children.
10% – 15% (in IRR)
10% - 15% (CAGR)
Digital farmer platforms
Food and BeverageFood Retailers and Distributors
Provide market opportunities for farmers with better conditions, and reduce food waste.
20% – 25% (in ROI)
73.2% of smallholder farms with an output of USD 4.31 billion.